The purpose of this article is to present how technological advances made in recent years in the field of telephony with the emergence of smartphones, may have application in the world of dentistry. During the same, we will list and describe some applications available for the iPhone 4, specific for dentists (youtube.com), other health staff focused to any branch and other common use among the general public, but which could be very useful in our daily work .
The purpose of this article is to expose how the new technological advances experimented in the recent years in the field of telephony with the advent of the smartphones which can have an application in dentistry. During the article we are going to enumerate and describe some applications available for the iPhone 4, some application are specific for dentist, other applications are focused for any health personal and another applications which are common used among general public but may be useful in our daily work.
When little over 20 years ago appeared the first analog cellular phones in our country and began widespread use, with the emergence of service Moviline and subsequently in 1995, using the GSM telephony (1), no You could think that what initially were sullen, heavy, bulky screens monochrome liquid crystal only allowed to make calls and send text messages at considerable cost devices were to be converted into machines capable of hosting in a single device, a camera, internet access, music player, PDA, or become capable of supporting ultra minicomputers endless useful in both our private and professional life applications (“apps”), the latter which We are going to be interested in the development of the article, through which we will not consider the phone just like a machine for communication, passing also consider it an essential tool helps in daily clinical work ( Figure 1 ).
The decision to focus the article on this particular model of smartphone and not on others with similar characteristics (Blackberry, HTC, Samsung, etc.), which have a different operating system iOS is based on sales success that this model has experienced in our country since its launch on July 31, 2010, becoming a worldwide phenomenon that goes beyond the phone with the appearance of more than 350,000 applications (2), although many of the things presented here would apply for other models (depending on the characteristics). There are applications that currently only available for iOS, although the trend is to be equated with its highest competitor and increasingly more applications available on the Android Market (2) (Figure 1).
The features of the iPhone 4 individuals, summarized in Table 1 (3), make it a very useful tool support for all kinds of professionals, since a single device capable of housed discreetly in a pocket, can customize and make it our professional profile so that you always have at hand, with a readily available, the tool or help needed.Hence the advantage that the author gives the iPhone 4: There are many devices on the market able to do the same and even better than the iPhone 4, as they have more power, but none can do everything the iPhone 4 He is able to do and offer. The advantages of the iPhone are clear: the size of a mobile standard is capable of holding a camera, a minicomputer, a medical library, an image viewer, text editor, a translator and a long list of features, some of which will detail more in depth.
Its size also come disadvantages, and is not used as the initial user can find more comfortable using larger screens, such as those offered by tablets or traditional computer screens and the use of non-conventional tactile keyboards. Like any new instrument, the iPhone requires a learning curve to maximize their potential, but its intuitive operation makes any average user is able to manage without problems in just a few days of use, achieving higher levels of satisfaction to the of its competitors (4).
Users of smartphones in Spain dedicated, according to a recently published by Digital Life (5) study, an average of 1.8 hours per week into social networks and 1.5 the use of mail, although we are still below the European average.
Applications are a set of programs or tools that allow users to perform various tasks, and can be downloaded via the terminal, either by connecting to the App store via computer or terminal itself using its capabilities wifi, or by his own line phone.
The number of available applications exceeds 350,000, including no GPS navigators, image editing programs, music playback, video playback, agendas, games, management programs, electronic books, etc. The number grows daily, so that the user is constantly in search of new applications that personalize your iPhone and adjust it to your needs, improving performance.
A series of specific applications of Dentistry available for iPhone, with its features and applications that can be given in daily practice will be discussed. We will classify them into 3 groups: patient education applications, applications for medical consultation and other applications.
Applications for medical consultation
Castilian application that allows access to clinical and pharmacological information on all drugs marketed in Spain, including trade names, composition, dosage, indications, contraindications, interactions and side effects ( Figure 2 ).
The application has a search engine name with which to locate the drug and access the product information.It is also possible to search by anatomical group, in which the family of stomatological products, where the antiseptic, antifungal, fluorine, saliva substitutes prepared for thrush and other specific preparations of our territory of action appear. Search by laboratory is another option, although in practice it is less interesting.
Currently available for other applications such as the “Vademecum” (7) or “Vademecum” (8), with almost the same features and similar management, but with changes in the interface.
DDS GP (9)
English application that allows us to explain to the patient, through images, the development of their disease or treatment performed.
|Figure 3. Applications for medical consultation: DDS GP.
Includes over 160 diagnoses and procedures arranged alphabetically or by category, such as diagnosis, prevention, periodontics, restorative, crowns, cosmetic, endodontics, prosthodontics, implants, surgery and orthodontics.
For explanation to the patient, each entry has both animations and drawings, and photographs or radiographs depending on the case ( Figure 3 ), being also possible to import our own pictures if you want to supplement or enhance the information that the application has by default.
It is also possible to develop a treatment plan to the patient and send via email.
Lexi-Dental Complete (10)
Very useful application, in English, that enables access quickly and intuitively to a large number of relating to the world of dentistry resources. It is the most complete implementation of this type available today.
Includes access to 17 different databases (Table 2) on the most varied fields of dentistry, covering a range of subjects that the clinician can consult and injuries ranging from soft or hard tissues, pharmacology or endodontics. These databases are multimedia and text accompanying more than 1,000 images and radiographs as well as numerous diagrams, tables, and clinical guidelines ( Figure 4 ).
A very important feature of this application is that it is constantly updated, allowing users access to new material with a frequency much higher than most market applications.
The Universal Encyclopedia of Dentistry is a multilingual application (English, Spanish, French, German, Italian and Portuguese) which contains definitions and descriptions of over 5,300 terms of Dentistry, as well as illustrations of many of them.
The usefulness of this glossary is its functionality as international reference guide, allowing not only see the definition of the term, we will have previously consulted in the search engine that implements the application but also its translation into any language displayed by default ( Figure 5 ).
Oxford American Handbook of Clinical Dentistry (12)
Application in English, useful as a reference guide for quick reference on any topic related to dentistry. It covers all dental specialties including references to means of diagnosis, treatment or even recommendations for the patient ( Figure 6 ).
As the above applications, has a search engine of terms with which speed up the search and make it more intuitive.
Applications patient education
Such applications are essentially a collection of images, drawings or photographs and even videos that serve as support to explain to the patient the development of their disease or treatment.
With this type of aid programs a higher level of knowledge and understanding of the treatments that are proposed to the patient is achieved, resulting in increased confidence in the professional, facilitating the acceptance of them (13, 14).
DentAll prosthodontics (15)
It is an application designed to assist the dentist in the day-to-day clinic, which has more than 60 images to illustrate different types of prostheses. It also allows the possibility to draw directly on the illustrations by using a simple design tool, allowing us to explain to the patient directly on the couch prosthetic treatments that we are proposing performed ( Figure 7 ).
It has recently come to market an application of this same company called ‘Dentall removable partial denture designer “which delves into the field of prosthetics in planning, design and development of partial dentures.
Application in English in which we are shown 12 different types of stitches that can be used in oral surgery indications, advantages and disadvantages and videos explaining them ( Figure 8 ).
Application in English, which contains 23 high quality animations of dental disease (periodontitis, caries, etc.), treatments (root canals, crowns, veneers, etc.) and even explanations about the benefits of becoming a new denture or motives placing a full coverage crown. The application includes a large quality images of each of the animations. Control the playback speed of the images may be either manual or automatic, enabling program it according to our speed of explanation, allowing stop where we want to stress ( Figure 9 ).
It has a simple drawing tool with which to strengthen our explanations and optional text windows with information.
Miniatlas Dentistry / Miniatlas Dentistry (18)
|Figure 10. Applications patient education: Miniatlas Dentistry / Miniatlas Dentistry.
English-Spanish bilingual application that facilitates the communication with the patient through images and text, allowing the patient to understand the anatomy, physiology and pathology related to your oral condition. This makes it possible to educate the patient about the type of treatment, as well as on possible limitations of the technique, from understanding higher levels of satisfaction and safety in the treatment that is going to make it succeed.
The contents of this application are sorted by category (anatomy, physiology, diseases of hard tissues and treatments, tissue pathologies and treatments insertion, occlusal conditions and treatments, dental implants, preventive), allowing even send to patient information via email, home directly without leaving the same ( Figure 10 ).
Other applications of interest
Within this category of applications we will include all those not belonging to either of the other two groups are useful for the dentist. Some of these applications are designed specifically for our field of professional activity, while others are available to any user, but its functionality can be useful to us.
Dental Spanish Guide (DSG) (19)
Designed to facilitate communication between English-speaking and Spanish-speaking patients dentists. The application consists of more than 650 audio phrases relating to dental issues, which find phrases commonly used in our office, with which favor the dentist-patient communication allowing interaction between them in case of no language proficiency ( Figure 11 ).
Is developing the inverse version of the application, which will allow the dentist speaking patients communicate with English speakers.
Collins Spanish-English Dictionary pro (20)
There are many applications that consist of dictionaries in the App store, you can get us out of trouble in the event of having to care for foreign patients. The Collins is one of the most popular and complete, including more than 55,000 entries and 100,000 definitions.
This same company there are similar apps for the French, Portuguese and Italian ( Figure 12 ).
Toothbrush hours (21)
Application, unlike all views so far, is focused on patient and not professional, but can help the patient to maintain an acceptable state of oral health, essential in the long term success of our treatments.Recommending this download our patient, we will help motivate your daily hygiene.
Basically consists of a programmable timer with time we wish, with animation that will be telling the patient the areas of your teeth that brushing should go.
It also allows the patient to remember when was your last dental visit and purchase date of your current brush ( Figure 13 ).
There are many applications with similar characteristics such as “timetobrush”, “Brush” or “tooth camp.”
Platform mobile messaging application that replaces SMS and works through the existing data plan online at our terminal.
In practice it is a system that exceeds the SMS both functions and cost (in the resulting free practice), enabling us to communicate via text, for chat, with any terminal that has this application, virtually in real time as well as the sending of audio, video and images ( Figure 14 ).
That is why the author considers interesting use among colleagues of our guild or communicating with the laboratory, as it allows a consultation on the fly. The camera housed in iPhone 4, 5 megapixel, offers more than enough to carry on consultation an initial assessment being carried out quality.
The trend today is to adapt software programs, which had originally only place in a computer, an optimized operating systems used in smartphones version.
Thus, for example, we have a software version of the Kodak RVG Trophy named “RVG mobile” (23) ( Figure 15), which allows you to view radiovisiografías directly on the IPhone, or “iRomexis» Planmeca ( 24) ( Figure 16 ).
There are also applications that allow access to specialized content pages in a fast and convenient way to “Gacetadental” or “Journal of Cosmetic Dentistry.”
It is increasingly common to find applications where we are shown all the information on events in the world of dentistry, including ADA Annual Session 2011 (25).
The dental insurance companies have also jumped on the bandwagon to offer applications to their customers as “DKV Dental Guide” (DKV) or “Vidacaixa Health” (Adeslas), through which, using various tools, finding the right professional port of call offering contact details. Also have similar applications the Caser, Mapfre, Allianz or Grupama insurers.